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Gold is represented as a chemical element under the symbol Au (lat. aurum) and the atomic number 79 in the periodic table of the elements. The German name gold comes from the Indo-European word ghel, which means shiny or simply yellow. Gold belongs to the series of transition metals and belongs to the precious metals. For more than 2000 years gold has been used and processed as a means of payment, jewellery and also for the production of cult objects. Because the gold stocks are rare, the element is given its exposed position, which is of course particularly relevant for the production of high-quality jewellery. If all the quantities of gold mined so far were combined to form a single cube, the latter would have an edge length of just 20 metres. This shortage ensures the high price of gold and that it remains stable even in times of crisis. In combination with silver and copper, gold occurs most frequently as 333, 585 and 750 gold alloys, whereby in addition to higher hardness there is also the possibility of colour variance. The numbers represent the per mil value of the fine gold contained in the alloy, i.e. the proportion of pure gold. The best known and most commonly used types of gold are the typical golden yellow gold, the reddish red gold due to the high copper content and the very light white gold.

Characteristics of gold jewellery

333 Gold 8 K 33,3% Gold
585 Gold 14 K 58,5% Gold
750 Gold 18 K 75% Gold

Difference between 333 and 585 gold

The main difference between 333, 585 and 750 gold rings is the purity of the rings and the proportion of fine gold processed in the rings.

Rings made of 333 gold have a fine gold content of 33.3%, rings made of 585 gold have a fine gold content of 58.5% and rings made of 750 gold have a fine gold content of 75%. The remainder consists of copper, silver, palladium and other components. 333 gold, for example, has a rather brass-like colour (therefore, in addition to the 33.3% gold, a large proportion is usually made of copper) and is not corrosion-resistant due to the composition of the materials (can oxidise and "tarnish" over time).

Gold rings sold by us are considered nickel-free because they contain only a minimal amount of nickel (due to impurities in the raw materials).

Rose gold plating for jewellery

Rose gold is not pure gold, as rose gold does not occur in nature. In order to achieve the colour rosé, other materials are added, including silver. Therefore it is completely normal that the rose gold can show oxidation residues, because the silver oxidizes in the rose gold.

White gold for jewellery

White gold does not consist of pure gold, because white gold does not occur in nature. In order to obtain white gold, other materials are added, including silver or a rhodium coating applied. By the addition of silver it is possible that your piece of jewellery can show oxidation residues, because the silver oxidizes in the white gold. If the white gold was achieved by applying a rhodium coating, this coating can also wear off and then the yellow gold would appear underneath.

Scratches/wear marks will occur with time

Jewellery is an object of daily life and is therefore exposed to physical and climatic influences. These influences can be transferred to the piece of jewellery and leave traces behind.

Matte surfaces could get traces of shine and glossy surfaces could get matte in return. Depending on the material, deeper scratches are also possible (especially with softer materials such as silver, gold, etc.). These traces of wear depend on the activities of the wearer or on the objects the piece of jewellery hits, the period of time does not matter.

Traces of wear make your jewellery unique and therefore your personal piece of jewellery. There is no material from which jewellery is made in the whole world that does not get any traces of wear.